Acquisitions and Dispositions
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2021
|Business Combinations [Abstract]|
|Acquisitions and Dispositions||
Note 3 – Acquisitions and Dispositions
The Company completed the following acquisitions which contain Level 3 fair value measurements related to the recognition of goodwill and intangibles.
During the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company entered into agreements with franchisees under which the Company repurchased six and 18 studios, respectively, to operate as company-owned transition studios. The aggregate purchase price for the acquisitions was $450 and $1,150, less $60 and $231of net deferred revenue and deferred costs resulting in total purchase consideration of $390 and $919 for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The following summarizes the aggregate fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed:
The fair value of reacquired franchise rights was based on the excess earnings method and are considered to have an approximate to eight-year life. The fair value of customer relationships is based on the cost approach and are considered to have an approximate one-year life. Inputs used in the methodologies primarily included sales forecasts, projected future cash flows and discount rate commensurate with the risk involved. The goodwill created through the purchases is attributable to the assumed future value of the cash flows from the studios acquired. The acquisitions were not material to the results of operations of the Company.
During the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company refranchised 53 and six company-owned transition studios for aggregate proceeds of $433 and $58 and recorded a loss on disposal of the related assets of $483 and $37, respectively. The Company is actively seeking to refranchise the remaining company-owned transition studios, however expects to hold a small number of strategic transition studios for a limited time while facilitating the transfer of these studios to new or existing franchisees.
When the Company believes that a studio will be refranchised for a price less than its carrying value, but does not believe the studio has met the criteria to be classified as held for sale, the Company reviews the studio for impairment. The Company evaluates the recoverability of the studio assets by comparing estimated sales proceeds plus holding period cash flows, if any, to the carrying value of the studio. For studio assets that are not deemed to be recoverable, the Company recognizes impairment for any excess of carrying value over the fair value of the studios, which is based on the expected net sales proceeds. During the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company recorded impairment charges of $781 and $0, respectively, which is a level 3 measurement and is included in selling, general and administrative expenses.
On October 13, 2021, the Company entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement (“APA”) with GRPX Live Pty Ltd., an Australian corporation, and its affiliates (the “Seller”) whereby the Company acquired certain assets relating to the concept and brand known as BFT. Assets acquired include franchise rights, brand, intellectual property and the rights to manage and license the franchise business (the “Franchise System”). The Company also assumed certain contingent liabilities associated with the purchased assets and provided certain indemnifications to the Seller. This acquisition is expected to enhance the Company’s franchise offerings and provide a platform for future growth, which the Company believes is complementary to its portfolio of franchises.
Consideration for the transaction included cash of $60,000 AUD ($44,322 USD based on the currency exchange rate as of the purchase date). In addition, the Company agreed to pay contingent consideration to the Seller consisting of quarterly cash payments based on the sales of the Franchise System and equipment packages in the U.S. and Canada, as well as a percentage of royalties collected by the Company, provided that aggregate minimum payments of $5,000 AUD (approximately $3,694 USD based on the currency exchange rate as of the purchase date) are required to be paid to the Seller for the two-year period ending December 31, 2023 and the aggregate amount of such payments for the two-year period ending December 31, 2023 is subject to a maximum of $14,000 AUD (approximately $10,342 USD based on the currency exchange rate as of the purchase date). Based on the purchase price allocation, the Company determined that the fair value of the estimated contingent consideration liability as of the acquisition date is $9,388 and is recorded in accrued expenses and contingent consideration from acquisitions in the consolidated balance sheets.
In addition, the Company entered into a Master Franchise Agreement (“MFA”) with an affiliate of the Seller (the “Master Franchisee”), pursuant to which the Company granted the Master Franchisee the master franchise rights for the BFTTM brands in Australia, New Zealand and Singapore. In exchange, the Company will receive certain fees and royalties, including a percentage of the revenue generated by the Master Franchisee under the MFA. The MFA contains an option for the Company to repurchase the master franchise rights granted under the MFA in either 2023 or 2024 at a purchase price based on the Master Franchisee’s EBITDA. If the Company (or a designee of the Company) does not exercise the option pursuant to the terms of the MFA, then the Company might be required to pay a cancellation fee to the Master Franchisee which might be material to the Company. If the Master Franchisee rejects an offer to repurchase the franchise rights, then the cancellation fee is not required to be paid.
At the acquisition date, there were certain claims and lawsuits against the Seller for which the Company has agreed to indemnify the Seller. The claims and lawsuits relate to alleged patent and trademark infringements. Plaintiff alleges that plaintiff has suffered, and is likely to continue to suffer, loss and damage due to breach of the patents by the Seller and is seeking damages or in the alternative an account of profits. The Seller has filed a cross-claim alleging that the defendant’s two Australian patents are, and always have been, invalid and that they should be revoked. The Court held a trial in December 2020, and on February 14, 2022, the Court issued a decision holding that the Plaintiff’s claims of infringement were invalid and that even if they were valid, the Seller did not infringe upon these patents and trademarks. In addition, the Plaintiff has brought related claims for patent infringement against the Seller in the United States District Court for Delaware, and these actions are currently pending. See Note 16 for additional information.
As a part of the purchase accounting, the Company has not recorded any liability for the potential cancelation fee (which was evaluated in accordance with ASC 805, Business Combinations) and potential legal indemnification liability (which was evaluated in accordance with ASC 450, Contingencies). The Company continues to evaluate additional information in relation to these matters, including information that existed as of the acquisition date.
The transaction was accounted for as a business combination using the acquisition method of accounting, which requires the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed to be recorded at their respective fair value as of the date of the transaction. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value of the net assets and liabilities was allocated to goodwill. The Company determined the estimated fair values after review and consideration of relevant information as of the acquisition date, including discounted cash flows, quoted market prices and estimates made by management.
The allocation of the purchase price presented below was based on management's estimate of the fair values of the acquired assets and assumed liabilities using valuation techniques including income, cost and market approaches. These valuation techniques incorporate the use of expected future revenues, cash flows and growth rates as well as estimated discount rates commensurate with the risk involved. Trademark was valued using the relief from royalty method and is considered to have a 10-year life. Franchise agreements were valued using the excess earnings method and are considered to have an approximate 8.5-year life. Internal use software was valued using the cost method and is considered to have a three-year life. The goodwill of $21,210 arising from the acquisition consists largely of the synergies expected from combining the operations of the Company and BFT. The acquisition was not material to the results of operations of the Company.
The following table summarizes the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the acquisition date based on the purchase price allocation:
Goodwill and intangible assets recognized from this acquisition are expected to be tax deductible.
On March 24, 2021, the Parent entered into a contribution agreement with Rumble Holdings LLC; Rumble Parent LLC and Rumble Fitness LLC (the “Selling Parties”) to acquire the franchise rights, brand, intellectual property and the rights to manage and license the “Rumble” franchise business. The Parent issued shares of the Parent’s Class A units equivalent to 1,300,032 shares of Class A common stock, which were used to fund the acquisition, and are subject to partial forfeiture if certain events occur. Additional units equivalent to 2,024,445 shares of Class A common stock were issued to the Selling Parties, which units will vest if share prices ranging from $50.62 to $75.56 are met, or if the Company or the Parent has a change of control. In connection with the contribution agreement, the Parent agreed to provide up to $20,000 in debt financing to the Selling Parties. See Note 8 for additional information. The Parent contributed all assets acquired from the Selling Parties to XPO LLC. The fair value of all the Parent’s Class A units issued to the Selling Parties was determined to be $20,483 and is a Level 3 measurement. The Company estimated the value of the Parent’s shares using Level 3 input factors including the fair value of the acquired entity, negotiated values with the sellers of the acquired entity, recent equity recapitalizations of the Parent, comparable industry transactions, adjusted EBITDA multiples ranging from 15 to 18 and the estimated fair value of the Company’s reporting units.
The Selling Parties are engaged in the business of operating fitness studios under the “Rumble” name which offer their customers boxing-inspired group fitness classes under the “Rumble” trade name, in addition to offering at home on-demand and live workouts on Rumble TV. The Company will also offer its customers related ancillary products and services related to this concept. The transaction terms include purchasing exclusive rights to establish and operate franchises under the “Rumble” trade name and use certain related assets for the purpose of establishing a franchise system. This acquisition is expected to enhance the Company’s franchise offerings and provide a platform for future growth, which the Company believes is complementary to its portfolio of franchises.
The transaction was accounted for as a business combination using the acquisition method of accounting, which requires the assets acquired to be recorded at their respective fair value as of the date of the transaction. The Company determined the estimated fair values after review and consideration of relevant information as of the acquisition date, including discounted cash flows, quoted market prices and estimates made by management. The fair values assigned to tangible and intangible assets acquired are based on management's estimates and assumptions. The following table summarizes the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed:
The consideration resulted in goodwill of $8,183, which consists largely of the synergies and economies of scale expected from combining the assets of Rumble with the Company’s franchise servicing operations. The fair values, which are Level 3 measurements, of the recognizable intangible assets are comprised of trademarks and franchise agreements. The fair value of trademarks was estimated by the relief from royalty method and are considered to have a ten-year life. The fair value of the franchise agreements was based on the excess earnings method and are considered to have a ten-year life. Inputs used in the methodologies primarily included sales forecasts, projected future cash flows, royalty rate and discount rate commensurate with the risk involved. The acquisition was not material to the results of operations of the Company.
In connection with the Reorganization Transactions, the Parent merged with and into XPO Holdings. As a result, the shares issued to Rumble Holdings LLC, are treated as a liability on the Company's balance sheet instead of equity and are therefore subject to a quarterly fair value remeasurement on a mark-to-market basis as a derivative liability. The contingent consideration liability recorded at the IPO date was $23,100. See Note 16 for additional information.
Goodwill and intangible assets recognized from this acquisition are not expected to be tax deductible.
During the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019 the Company incurred $978, $0 and $0 of transaction costs directly related to the acquisitions, which is included in acquisition and transaction expenses in the consolidated statements of operations.
The entire disclosure for a business combination (or series of individually immaterial business combinations) completed during the period, including background, timing, and recognized assets and liabilities. The disclosure may include leverage buyout transactions (as applicable).
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef