Nature of Business and Operations
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2021
|Organization Consolidation And Presentation Of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|Nature of Business and Operations||
Note 1 – Nature of Business and Operations
Xponential Fitness, Inc. (the "Company" or “XPO Inc.”), was formed as a Delaware corporation on January 14, 2020. On July 23, 2021, the Company completed an initial public offering (“IPO”) of 10,000,000 shares of Class A common stock at an initial public offering price of $12.00 per share. Pursuant to a reorganization into a holding company structure, the Company is a holding company with its principal asset being a controlling ownership interest in Xponential Fitness LLC (“XPO LLC”) through its ownership interest in Xponential Intermediate Holdings, LLC (“XPO Holdings”). Information for any period prior to July 23, 2021 relates to XPO LLC.
XPO LLC was formed on August 11, 2017 as a Delaware limited liability company for the sole purpose of franchising fitness brands in several verticals within the boutique fitness industry. XPO LLC is a wholly owned subsidiary of XPO Holdings, which was formed on February 24, 2020, and prior to the IPO, ultimately, H&W Franchise Holdings, LLC (the “Parent”). Prior to the formation of XPO Holdings, the Company was a wholly owned subsidiary of H&W Franchise Intermediate Holdings, LLC (the “Member”).
As of December 31, 2021, the Company’s portfolio of ten brands includes: “Club Pilates,” a Pilates facility franchisor; “CycleBar,” a premier indoor cycling franchise; “StretchLab,” a fitness concept offering one-on-one assisted stretching services; “Row House,” a rowing concept that provides an effective and efficient workout centered around the sport of rowing; “YogaSix,” a yoga concept that concentrates on connecting to one’s body in a way that is energizing; “AKT” and “Pure Barre,” which are dance-based concepts that provide a combination of personal training and movement based techniques; “Stride,” a running concept that offers treadmill-based high-intensity interval training and strength-training; “Rumble,” a boxing concept that offers boxing-inspired group fitness classes, which was acquired on March 24, 2021; and “BFT”, a high-intensity interval training concept that combines functional, high-energy strength, cardio, and conditioning-based classes, designed to achieve the unique health goals of its members, which was acquired on October 13, 2021. The Company, through its brands, licenses its proprietary systems to franchisees who in turn operate studios to promote training and instruction programs to their club members within each vertical. In addition to franchised studios, the Company operated 25, 40 and four company-owned transition studios as of December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
In connection with the IPO, XPO Inc. entered into the following series of transactions to implement an internal reorganization (the “Reorganization Transactions”). The pre-IPO members of XPO Holdings (the “Pre-IPO LLC Members”) who retained their equity ownership in the form of limited liability company units (the “LLC Units”), immediately following the consummation of the Reorganization Transactions are referred to as “Continuing Pre-IPO LLC Members.”
Because XPO Inc. manages and operates the business and controls the strategic decisions and day-to-day operations of XPO LLC through its ownership of XPO Holdings and because it also has a substantial financial interest in XPO LLC through its ownership of XPO Holdings, it consolidates the financial results of XPO LLC and XPO Holdings, and a portion of its net income is allocated to the noncontrolling interests to reflect the entitlement of the Continuing Pre-IPO LLC Members to a portion of XPO Holdings’ net income or loss.
XPO Inc.’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation authorizes the issuance of two classes of common stock, Class A common stock and Class B common stock (collectively, “common stock”) and preferred stock and the certificates of designation adopted in connection with the IPO designated 200,000 shares of preferred stock as 6.50% Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series A-1 preferred stock”) and 200,000 shares of Preferred Stock as 6.50% Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series A Convertible preferred stock” and, together with the Series A-1 preferred stock, the “Convertible Preferred”). Each share of common stock entitles its holder to one vote per share on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders.
Prior to completion of the IPO, XPO Inc. acquired, directly and indirectly, limited liability company units of XPO Holdings (the “LLC Units”) through (i) the contribution of LLC Units by H&W Investco, LP and Lag Fit, Inc. in exchange for Class A common stock (the “IPO Contribution”) and (ii) the “Mergers,” in which Rumble Holdings LLC and H&W Investco Blocker II, LP (the “Blocker Companies”) were contributed by their owners (the “Blocker Shareholders”) to XPO Inc. in exchange for Class A common stock, and, in the case of H&W Investco Blocker II, LP a cash payment (the “H&W Cash Merger Consideration”), after which the Blocker Companies immediately merged with and into XPO Inc.
Prior to the completion of the IPO, XPO Inc. issued and sold 200,000 shares of Convertible Preferred to certain affiliates of MSD Partners, L.P., a fund within the D.E. Shaw group and a fund managed by Redwood Capital Management, LLC (the “Preferred Investors”) for aggregate cash proceeds of $200,000, before deduction of offering costs.
Each Continuing Pre-IPO LLC Member (other than LCAT Franchise Fitness Holdings, Inc. (“LCAT”) was issued a number of shares of Class B common stock equal to the number of vested LLC Units held by such Continuing Pre-IPO LLC Member.
Under the Limited Liability Company Agreement of XPO Holdings (the “Amended LLC Agreement”), holders of LLC Units (other than XPO Inc.) have the right, from and after the completion of the IPO (subject to the terms of the Amended LLC Agreement), to require XPO Holdings to redeem all or a portion of their LLC Units for, at XPO Inc.’s election, newly-issued shares of Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis or a cash payment equal to the volume-weighted average market price of one share of Class A common stock for each LLC Unit redeemed (subject to customary adjustments) or the net proceeds from a substantially contemporaneous offering of Class A common stock in accordance with the terms of the Amended LLC Agreement. Additionally, in the event of a redemption request from a holder of LLC Units, XPO Inc. may, at its option, effect a direct exchange of cash or Class A common stock for LLC Units in lieu of such a redemption. Shares of Class B common stock will be cancelled on a one-for-one basis if XPO Inc., following a redemption request from a holder of LLC Units, redeems or exchanges LLC Units of such holder pursuant to the terms of the Amended LLC Agreement.
XPO Inc. used the net proceeds from the IPO, together with the net proceeds received from the sale of Convertible Preferred to (i) acquire newly issued preferred units of XPO Holdings (the “Preferred Units”) and LLC Units, (ii) purchase all of the shares of LCAT from LCAT shareholders and (iii) pay the H&W Cash Merger Consideration. The Company evaluated the fair value of shares being purchased from LCAT and determined that the payment exceeded the fair value by $6,500, which was recorded as a deemed dividend and will be paid in quarterly installments through June 2022 (see Note 2 accrued expenses).
After the acquisition of LCAT from LCAT shareholders, LCAT merged with and into XPO Inc., after which XPO Inc. owns directly the LLC Units previously held by LCAT.
XPO Inc. entered into a tax receivable agreement (“TRA”) that obligates it to make payments to the Continuing Pre-IPO LLC Members, the Blocker Shareholders and any future party to the TRA (the “TRA parties”) in the aggregate generally equal to 85% of the applicable cash savings realized as a result of (i) certain favorable tax attributes acquired from the Blocker Companies in the Mergers (including net operating losses and the Blocker Companies’ allocable share of existing tax basis), (ii) increases in XPO Inc.’s allocable share of existing tax basis and tax basis adjustments that resulted or may result from (x) the IPO Contribution, the redemption of Class A-5 Units of H&W Franchise Holdings, LLC (the “Class A-5 Units”) in connection with the IPO (the “Class A-5 Unit Redemption”), and the purchase of LLC Units from Continuing Pre-IPO LLC Members in the IPO, (y) future taxable redemptions and exchanges of LLC Units by Continuing Pre-IPO LLC Members, and (z) certain payments made under the TRA, and (iii) deductions in respect of interest under the TRA. XPO Inc. will retain the benefit of the remaining 15% of these tax savings.
XPO Holdings used the proceeds from the issuance of LLC Units and Preferred Units (i) to repay approximately $116,059 of outstanding borrowings under the Term Loan (see Note 8), including prepayment penalties and interest, (ii) to pay fees and expenses of approximately $6,700 in connection with the IPO and the Reorganization Transactions, (iii) to pay approximately $20,500 in the Class A-5 Unit Redemption for the Class A-5 Units redeemed from certain of the Continuing Pre-IPO Members and (iv) the remainder for working capital.
Executed a 32.88 for one split of the LLC Units. All LLC Units issued prior to the IPO are as adjusted for the split.
The corporate structure following the completion of the IPO, as described above, is commonly referred to as an “Up-C” structure, which is used by partnerships and limited liability companies when they undertake an initial public offering of their business. The Up-C structure will allow Continuing Pre-IPO LLC Members to continue to realize tax benefits associated with owning interests in an entity that is treated as a partnership, or “pass-through” entity, for income tax purposes following the IPO.
Immediately following the closing of the IPO, XPO LLC is the predecessor of the Company for financial reporting purposes. As the sole managing member of XPO LLC, the Company operates and controls all of the business and affairs of XPO LLC. The Reorganization Transactions are accounted for as a reorganization of entities under common control. As a result, the consolidated financial statements of the Company recognize the assets and liabilities received in the Reorganization Transactions at their historical carrying amounts, as reflected in the historical consolidated financial statements of XPO LLC. The Company will consolidate XPO LLC on its consolidated financial statements and record a noncontrolling interest related to the Class B units held by the Class B stockholders on its consolidated balance sheet and statement of operations.
Basis of presentation – The Company’s consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”).
On October 13, 2021 and March 24, 2021, the Company acquired the rights to franchise the BFT and Rumble concepts, respectively, and has included the results of operations of BFT and Rumble in its consolidated statements of operations from the acquisition dates forward. See Note 3 for additional information.
Principles of consolidation – The Company’s consolidated financial statements include the accounts of its wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of estimates – The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the consolidated financial statements. Actual results could differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
The entire disclosure for the nature of an entity's business, major products or services, principal markets including location, and the relative importance of its operations in each business and the basis for the determination, including but not limited to, assets, revenues, or earnings. For an entity that has not commenced principal operations, disclosures about the risks and uncertainties related to the activities in which the entity is currently engaged and an understanding of what those activities are being directed toward.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef